Thursday, October 21, 2010

2012 Mayan Calendar 'Doomsday' Date Might Be Wrong

 This article should get some of us a little more rational when it comes to the big hype about 2012, Planet X, Doomsday...  been rational is the hardest thing to do when overcome with extreme feelings of fear, despair or even rapture. So just for a moment open your mind to the idea that it could all be a a spook and we will all laugh about it on December 22, 2012. Other wise would you want to be the one to clean up the mess that doomsday will leave behind?

Would you want to survive Doomsday?
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The Mayans Never Predicted Doomsday

Before we continue, it's worth emphasizing that this mesoamerican calendar (as used by several cultures -- including the Maya -- in Central and South America before European colonization) does not predict an apocalypse. It never did, despite what the movie "2012" told us
The Mayan civilization existed from 250-900 A.D. in the current geographical location of southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and some of Honduras. Archaeologists studying this fascinating culture have been able to decipher their many calendars, but their longest period calendar -- the "Long Count" -- is what set alarm bells off in the fertile minds of a few conspiracy theorists, doomsayers and guys looking to make a fast buck.
So, where's the problem?
The Long Count was used by the Maya to document past and future events. Their other calendars were simply too short to document any date beyond 52 years. The 52-year calendar -- known as the "Calendar Round" -- was used as it spans a generation, or the approximate lifetime of an individual.
Using the Calendar Round meant that events in a person's life could be chronicled over 52 years -- or 52 "Haab's," spanning 18,980 unique days. But what if the Maya wanted to keep note of a historical event that occurred more than 52 years ago? Or perhaps mark a date more than 52 years into the future?

It's Just a Numerical Coincidence
Using remarkable ingenuity, the Maya created the "Long Count" calendar, a departure from the shorter calendars. The Long Count is a numerically predictable calendar, not based on archaic measures of time.
Now, purely as a consequence of the Long Count's numerical value, many Mayan scholars agree that the calendar will "run out" after 5,126 years (or, at least, it's first cycle does). The Mayans set this calendar to begin in the year 3114 B.C. (according to our modern Gregorian calendar). If the Long Count began in 3114 B.C. and it's calculated to continue for 5126 years, the "end date" will be -- you guessed it -- 2012 A.D. Further refinement sets the date to Dec. 21, the day of the winter solstice for the Northern Hemisphere.

Correlating Calendars
A huge issue when studying ancient calendars comes when trying to correlate their time frames with our modern (Gregorian) calendar. After all, for archaeologists to work out when a big event is documented in the Mayan calendar (such as a war, famine or religious celebration), it needs to be translated into "our" years, months and days.
As the Gregorian calendar began 2010 years ago, we have a standard time line for over two millennia of historical events. But to understand the events documented by the fallen culture, Mayan scholars needed to find significant events common in both the Gregorian and Long Count calendars so they can "correlate."
To do this, most Mayan scholars use a well-respected correlation factor called the "GMT constant." GMT stands for the initials of the last names of the archaeologists who calculated the constant: Joseph Goodman, Juan Martinez-Hernandez and J. Eric S. Thompson.
But Gerardo Aldana of UC Santa Barbara is now questioning the validity of this correlation factor due to a possible misidentification of ancient astronomical events in a new book called "Calendars and Years II: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient and Medieval World."
The Maya were highly skilled astronomers who kept meticulous records of the night sky. They documented the phases of the moon, recorded eclipses and even tracked the movement of Venus. In fact, the Venus cycle was an important calendar for the Maya. Their records enabled them to predict future astronomical cycles with great accuracy.

Venus or a Meteor?
Although GMT uses several sources of astronomical, archaeological and historical evidence to correlate the Long Count with our modern calendar, Aldana has cast doubt on the accuracy of some of the astronomical evidence interpreted from ancient Mayan artifacts and colonial texts.
One of the key events described by Aldana is a battle date as set by the ruler of Dos Pilas (a Maya site in the current geographical location of Guatemala). Ruler Balaj Chan K’awiil chose this date by the appearance of Chak Ek'. According to Johan Normark, researcher at the Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies at Stockholm University, Chak Ek' "used to be believed to be Venus but in another study Aldana believes it is a [meteor]."

If this is the case, there's a correlation mismatch. If an event is assumed to be correlated with the rising of Venus (a predictable, cyclical occurrence), but it's actually correlated with a random event such as a meteorite, then we have a problem.
Add this to a mismatch of solar calendar dates between Mayan sites and the end date of Dec. 21, 2012 could be at least 60 days out.
Aldana presents several reasons why the GMT constant may not be reliable, and he's not the first to do so, but he does admit that it is widely accepted by the majority of researchers. A lot more work (such as supportive radiocarbon dating) therefore needs to be done before his findings can be corroborated.
This is a fascinating area of work, but it is overshadowed by the inane ramblings of doomsday advocates who have their sights set on the world ending on Dec. 21, 2012. Alas, I doubt that even if this infamous Mayan calendar end date was proven to be inaccurate, doomsayers will ignore this fact.
After all, proving that the world isn't going to end is bad for business if you have a doomsday book to sell.

Analysis by Ian O'Neill Mon Oct 18, 2010 01:31 PM ET
Sources: UC Santa Barbara, Archaeological Haecceities (Johan Normark's blog)

Thursday, October 14, 2010

Halloween its Pagean Origin.

I would like to share this documentary with you.
I like reading but this topic is much more interesting visualized. 
Booo... Whaooo...

Monday, October 11, 2010

Reconsider Columbus Day.

1492 Christopher Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue...
Christopher Columbus was a man of his times, like  all settlers he was looking to make money, and slavery was one way....
In 1485 the inquisition was at its pinnacle, Spain was ruled by the Catholic King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. When Columbus approached the queen and king of Spain he already was a middle age man. He dreamed of a great voyage over sea and bring back gold, spices and slaves like Marco Polo and others have done over land and like them receive in return great wealth, honor and titles.

Quick Facts
  1. Christopher Columbus was a brilliant navigator.
  2. Christopher Columbus never set foot on mainland North America. The closest he got was one of the islands in the present day Bahamas.
  3. Columbus did not have any women on his first two voyages. In 1498, Columbus recruited one woman for every ten men on his third voyage.
  4. Neither Columbus nor the Vikings discovered the "New World" as it was settled by people centuries before them.
  5. Christopher Columbus’ name is not Christopher Columbus. It is Chrisoffa Corombo. Christopher Columbus is the English translation of sorts.
  6. The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria were not the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Well, the Pinta was but the Nina was a nickname for the Santa Clara and the Santa Maria was known as the Gallega.
  7. While Columbus is considered a hero in the U.S., Spain and Italy, he was not well-known during his life.
  8. Christopher Columbus never actually set foot on U.S. soil. He landed on an island in the Bahamas.
  9. Columbus began sailing at the age of 14.
  10. It was not Columbus’ idea to sail across the ocean. It was his brother, Bartholomew’s idea.
  11. Columbus had 23 people testify against him, charging him with atrocities and cruelty, while he was governor of the colony Hispaniola.
  12. Columbus was an opium addict, the same drug used in producing modern-day heroin.
  13. There is genetic evidence that Columbus and his men brought the sexually transmitted disease Syphilis to Europe.
  14. No one knows what Columbus really looked like. Paintings depicting Columbus are not based on his actual looks.
Then let me ask why a man who massacred millions of man, woman,children, old and young Indians for greed is today revered as a hero?. So please learn the truth and reconsider Columbus day.

Sunday, October 3, 2010

Guantanamo - Guidebook.

How can we ever be the leader of the civilize world when our government act like the government we sanction for their Human Right Violation.
British Channel 4 engaged the Team Delta Cadre to recreate the Guantanamo Bay interrogation experience.
At the production company’s request, along with Team Delta’s normal approach to interrogation, the cadre also reenacted several specific events reported to have occurred at Guantanamo.

In most cases these reenacted events were counter productive to the interrogation plan developed by Team Delta – a plan that had learned 80% of the requested intelligence within the first few hours of capture.
Prisoner 73 on his experience:
Total deprivation of sleep, food and water.
Exposure to extreme heat and cold.
Up to 20 minutes in stress positions.
Up to 2 hours listening to white noise…
Plus any other interrogation technique deemed acceptable by the interrogation team’ By any standards the waiver I signed for “Guantanamo Guidebook” was special, and two weeks later when I was lying naked, shaved, shackled in a ball on the floor, alone with a hood over my head, listening to white noise with a cold fan at my back, I realized just how superficial the term ‘informed consent’ can be.
"Two weeks earlier I had received an e-mail looking for students who would be willing to participate in a Channel Four documentary investigating US interrogation practices for Terror detainees held in Cuba.
I was to be one of seven male volunteers from various backgrounds – three Muslims: a father of two, a youth worker, and a recent graduate; plus Britain’s fittest Fireman, a triathlete, Britain’s Thai Kickboxing Champion and me, a plucky Oxford undergraduate finalist in philosophy and politics.
The test was to see how we fared in a simulation of up to 60 hours under a team of retired US army interrogators, led by a founding member of Delta Force, who used the techniques officially sanctioned for Guantanamo detainees to extract information about us and make us confess to the scenarios we had acted out with the production company the week before. We were to withhold information and endure."
Watch the full documentary now (playlist). Alternative link at Google.
Warning-Might be graphic: Human torture experiment on voluntary citizen.
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